Student Objectives & Learning Goals:
A) To grasp the first form of human writing/alphabet useage.
B) To understand how the invention and use of numbers changed the human race forever.
C) To realize how various Sumerian inventions changed future societies.
D) To gain insight on early astronomy and how it was used to create the first calendar.


Mr. Farrell's Notes on Lesson 1.2 Sumerian Cuneiform, Mathematics and Inventions.
Estimated Time: 10 minutes

LINK Teaching Trigonometry just got easier, thanks to new analysis of a 3,700-year-old Babylonian tablet,
By: Vintage News

Enrichment Lesson: 1.2.2

LINK: A lesson on Cuneiform with various sub links and mini lessons via EDSITment
The Cuneiform Writing System in Ancient Mesopotamia: Emergence and Evolution

Additional Learning Objectives
A) Point to specific artifacts to demonstrate the way the writing system in Mesopotamia was transformed.
B) Analyze the purposes writing served in Mesopotamia with an emphasis on how those purposes evolved
as the civilization changed.
C) Gain a basic understanding of the ways in which the development of systems of writing and the
development of civilization are linked.

Assessment & Check for Understanding:
Each student should write a brief essay of no more than one page explaining how writing was important to
the development of civilization in ancient Mesopotamia. How would writing have been useful for record
keeping, legal matters, passing on history and stories to future generations and other activities
represented in the artifacts students analyzed? Why would picture writing be difficult to use for
some of these purposes?

Your written essay should be sure to include references from the listed
website. Explain and defend your answer, as you may be called upon to share it with the class.
Worth 5 Pts

Click HERE to go back to Unit 1 Ancient Rivers Civs Page.

1.2.3 Videos on writing and language

Video on the Rosetta Stone (4:00 min)
Video The History of Writing, Where The Story Begins, by: Extra Credits (7:08 min)

1.2.4 Articles on Babylonian Advancements:

The Guardian (British Newspaper) Article on Geometry in Babylon.